For premium licensed Cisco Unified Contact Center Express (UCCX), one of the most powerful features is database queries allowing applications to access data based on user inputs or call contact information. I have seen some very complicated scripts taking advantage of backend databases. When scripting call flows in UCCX, one must be careful of very large scripts which consume excessive amounts of memory leaving very little for other activities like call processing. To better manage the processing requirements of UCCX database queries; there is an extremely beneficial feature that I recommend for Microsoft SQL and Oracle database servers. This feature is referred to as SQL “Views”.
Let’s start with a review the UCCX database scripting palette. For populating data in our script, we access the DB Read to open a connection to the server and query the server, a DB Get to map data to variables used in our script, and a DB Release step to close our connection. Optionally, we can have a DB Write step if we need to update tables.
During a call, based on caller input, we may access the database multiple times querying in multiple tables for the required information. Each query may have its own DB steps, prompts, error recovery, and call processing steps. It doesn’t take too many queries before a script can get overly complicated.
This is where the SQL View is a useful tool. A View can be thought of as a “Virtual Table”. It can be comprised of data from multiple tables that can be re-formatted, manipulated, or calculated to match UCCX requirements. The data accessible through a view is not stored in the database as a distinct object. What is stored in the database is a SELECT statement. The result set of the SELECT statement forms the virtual table returned by the View.
Views have an added security benefits:
For example, instead of querying a table “FINANCIAL_DATA” which may contain information related to a customer’s financial status (and possibly even violate an individual’s right to privacy), we can query a specific View which hides any sensitive data from UCCX.
The View: “CallerInfo” can be constructed in the database to provide a customer (member) name and ID. Additionally, the View could contain other data that might be used elsewhere in our script. Now the script uses only a single query, can populate all possible variables, and then process the call more efficiently.
We might consider it a challenge to construct an application that retrieves data from multiple sources, calculate values to present to callers, or uses complicated formatting for data presentation but best practices dictate that we use UCCX for its primary purpose; processing and handling calls and we use backend Database Servers for their primary purpose; storing, organizing, and manipulating large amounts of information.
Please feel free to post comments on your use of Views.
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Nick has over 20 years of experience in Security Operations and Security Sales. He is an avid student of cybersecurity and regularly engages with the Infosec community at events like BSides, RVASec, Derbycon and more. The son of an FBI forensics director, Nick holds a B.S. in Criminal Justice and is one of Cisco’s Fire Jumper Elite members. When he’s not working, he writes cyberpunk and punches aliens on his Playstation.
Virgilio “Bong” has sixteen years of professional experience in IT industry from academe, technical and customer support, pre-sales, post sales, project management, training and enablement. He has worked in Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) as a member of the WAN and LAN Switching team. Bong now works for Tech Data as the Field Solutions Architect with a focus on Cisco Security and holds a few Cisco certifications including Fire Jumper Elite.
John is our CTO and the practice lead for a talented team of consultants focused on designing and delivering scalable and secure infrastructure solutions to customers across multiple industry verticals and technologies. Previously he has held several positions including Executive Director/Chief Architect for Global Network Services at JPMorgan Chase. In that capacity, he led a team managing network architecture and services. Prior to his role at JPMorgan Chase, John was a Distinguished Engineer at Cisco working across a number of verticals including Higher Education, Finance, Retail, Government, and Health Care.
He is an expert in working with groups to identify business needs, and align technology strategies to enable business strategies, building in agility and scalability to allow for future changes. John is experienced in the architecture and design of highly available, secure, network infrastructure and data centers, and has worked on projects worldwide. He has worked in both the business and regulatory environments for the design and deployment of complex IT infrastructures.